A job interview is a process in which a potential employee is evaluated by an employer for prospective employment in their company, business firm or organization. In an interview, the employer has to determine the suitability of the applicants, whether or not they are qualified.
Interviews facilitate the evaluation of candidate where successful ones are hired. There are generally many applicants who apply for advertised job vacancies but those whose resumes are evaluated are short listed and selected for the interview. An interview allows the candidate to assess the demands of the job.
Many companies and business organizations use either of the three interview constructs which are job-relevant interview content, interviewee performance and potentially irrelevant interview biases. Job relevant interview content questions are designed to measure applicant’s attributes that are relevant to the job which the person is applying. Interviewee performance questions test the applicant’s behaviors unrelated to the applicant’s characteristics and looks at how the interviewee responds to the interviewer questions. Job irrelevant interviewer biases questions look at the personal characteristics of applicants that may influence interviewer evaluations of interviewee responses in an illegal discriminatory way.
Job relevant constructs are divided into three groups: general traits, experimental factors and core job elements. General traits reflect on stable applicant traits which include mental ability, personality, emotions, interest, goals and values. Experimental factors reflect job knowledge that the applicant has acquired over time. It involves the job experience and training of the candidate. Core job elements reflect the knowledge, skills and abilities associated with the job. They are the jobs’ declarative knowledge, skills, abilities and motivation.
Interviews are important in finding the right employee for the job. The wrong employees cost companies and business firms a lot of more in training and operational costs. Apart from knowledge and skills, every job seeker who want to be successful in an interview and clinch a job position, social skills, confidence and self control are a must.
For your job applications to be taken seriously have a professional Resume which lists all your qualifications, skills, interests and strength. Potential employers always judge the applicant through his or her resume. Make sure your resume is updated frequently and don’t forget to list the more recent qualifications on the top.
Before going for an interview, tell a friend to ask you random questions in order to relieve your tension. This will build confidence and assertiveness before the interview. Familiarize yourself with common interview questions which are “Tell us something about yourself” and “What are your strengths and Weaknesses?”
Make sure you dress appropriately for an interview. Interviewers will have a judgmental expression on how you dress. Men should be dressed in a business suit and women in a pantsuit. Avoid Sneakers, jeans, T-shirts and perfumes.
Arrive in the interview room 5 to 10 minutes before the interview starts. This will help you familiarize yourself with the set up and arrangements.
Always watch your body language. A Gaze, Smile, Handshake and body orientation will have an impact on your interview.
Listen carefully to the questions and answer them nice and slow. If you are interviewed through a telephone, go to a quit place and carry your Resume with you to make sure you are on point. Never lie about your qualifications.
Turn off your phones in an interview room. Also never talk wrong about your former employers. If give a chance to ask questions, ask about challenges.